The Second Judges Case

Protecting judicial independence; creating the Collegium

One of the '10 Judgments that Changed India' (Zia Mody).

Formally known as Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association v India (1993). Justice Verma, writing for the majority, argued that the executive and judiciary are to reach their decision on judicial appointments together, given that they both have a vital role in the joint venture. It is only if there is irresolvable disagreement between them that cannot be resolved by joint effort that the Chief Justice would have primacy, and in fact that the question of primacy should even arise. 'Chief Justice' was understood to mean the Chief Justice in consultation with the other senior judges of the Court